Teck spill adds to long history of polluting upper Columbia

Teck spill adds to long history of polluting upper Columbia
NESPELEM—This week Teck Cominco's failure to manage its operations has once again sent toxic pollution into the Columbia River. It is another tragic assault by Teck on the region's natural resources. Teck's disregard for the land, air and water it …
Read more on Tribal Tribune (subscription)

THIS DAY IN HISTORY: Space Shuttle Columbia Launched From Kennedy Space Center
ABOVE VIDEO: A new era in space flight began on April 12, 1981, when Space Shuttle Columbia, or STS-1, soared into orbit from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. (NASA) – A new era in space flight began on April 12, 1981, when Space Shuttle …
Read more on SpaceCoastDaily.com

Columbia hosting national symposium on legacy of Reconstruction Era
For two days this week, some of America's leading historians will gather in Columbia to discuss America's Reconstruction Era, a period of great importance to South Carolina history. The Reconstruction Era marked a period in America when African …
Read more on ColaDaily.com

The Politics and History of Venezuela

Venezuela, which is located in South America and next to Brazil, Columbia and Guyana, was first inhabited by Carib, Arawak and Chibcha people farming and hunting along the coast, the River of Orinoco as well as the Andean mountain range. On 1522 the first permanent Spanish settlement was established, and this country became a colony of Spain until its independence in 1811 as part of Gran Colombia. This is where it seceded from later.

 

Venezuela was governed by a series of military dictatorships until 1958 when Romulo Betancourt won the first democratic presidential election. The 1970s oil crisis brought windfall profits to Venezuela’s oil industry but created further social tensions due to unequal wealth distribution. Unrest grew during the 1980s, when oil prices fell and social programmes were cut, and resulted in an historic agreement between government, business and trades unions.

 

Further economic problems were exacerbated by an International Monetary Fund (IMF) loan and drastic austerity programme that led to riots, a general strike, martial law and many fatalities. Carlos Andres Perez was elected president in 1989 and survived two military coups in 1992, before being ousted and imprisoned seven years later for embezzlement and corruption.

 

In 1998 Hugo Chavez, who lead the first coup against Perez, was elected and introduced a new constitution. Hugo Chavez was re-elected in 2000 for a further six years, on a radical reform mandate covering the land and oil industries known as the Bolivarian revolution after the independence hero Simon Bolivar. Reforms in the oil industry prompted a national strike and management lockout in 2002 which led to a 48 hour military coup. A popular uprising followed and a referendum held in August 2004 returned a victory for Chavez and his reform programme.

 

The last election results returned a clear victory for the Fifth Republic Movement (MVR) headed by Hugo Chavez Frias who received 59% of the vote. The next presidential election is scheduled for 3 December 2006. Other influential political organisations include the Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce (Federación de Cámaras y Asociaciones de Comercio y Producción de Venezuela) also known as Fedecámaras. This organisation represents the interests of twelve industry sectors: banking, agriculture, commerce, construction, energy, manufacturing, media, mining, ranching, insurance, transportation and tourism.

 

Fedecámaras sets wages and working conditions within these sectors and enforces these through management strikes and lock outs. It was heavily involved in the failed coup attempt in 2002 and its leader, Pedro Carmona, briefly assumed the presidency before seeking sanctuary in Colombia. In 2002 the president appointed a new Board of Directors at Petroleos de Venezuela, the national oil company. This move was deeply unpopular with oil company executives, right wing media interests, the Fedecámaras business group, and opposition trade unions.

 

A national strike and lockout was called which lasted nine weeks. The military leadership sided with the strikers and took the president into military custody. However, Hugo Chavez resumed his presidency when the interim dictatorship collapsed after two days. Amidst a background of growing popular opposition to the forces attempting to depose the president, the Organisation of American States (OAS) brokered a deal with the government and opposition forces to hold a referendum on the continuation of the presidency. Millions signed two petitions demanding that the referendum be held, and finally the interim government agreed.

 

Finally in August 2004 the referendum was called to decide whether Hugo Chavez should continue his presidency or leave office immediately. The result was 58% in support of the president, 42% against. This represented a convincing public endorsement of the reform programme and five months later Hugo Chavez signed a land decree intended to break up large estates and redistribute them to the landless. Support for the reform programme translated into electoral success in 2005, and a boycott of the elections by opposition groups led to a national assembly filled with Chavez supporters.

 

The Confederation of Workers of Venezuela (Confederación de Trabajadores de Venezuela) (CTV) and National Workers’ Union of Venezuela (Unión Nacional de Trabajadores de Venezuela) (UNT) are the two main rival trade union federations. Historically, CTV actively fought against military coups and represented a symbol of democracy. However it has become increasingly dominated by members supportive of Democratic Action (AD) and sympathetic to the interests of the oil industry and the media.

 

CTV called the general strike in April 2002 in protest against the president and in collaboration with the lock out organised by Fedecámaras. Subsequently many trade unions broke away from CTV and set up UNT. This new federation supports the reform programme and leadership style of the president.

 

Venezuelan society remains deeply divided on the reform agenda and further non democratic attempts to depose the president are possible. Powerful domestic and foreign interests are deeply opposed to the reform programme and supporters will need to see real results in alleviating poverty and inequality in Venezuela if they are to continue voting for Hugo Chavez and MVR. In the meantime oil revenues are being used to finance domestic social programmes aimed at poverty reduction and foreign policy initiatives.

 

Copyright: Rowena Slope 2006 (Redkite Research)

 

Redkite Research is an internet based company providing research and information services including speech writing, reports and presentations. For more information please go to: [http://www.redkite-research.com]

Latest Columbia History News

Columbia takes its place in Ivy League history with CIT title
Columbia entered the CIT Championship game aiming to make history, and Grant Mullins wasn't going to allow UC Irvine to prevent it from happening. Mullins spearheaded a late-game rally and brought the Levien Gymnasium crowd to life with an acrobatic …
Read more on New York Post

Understanding the significance of Reconstruction era in SC's history
Organized by the University of South Carolina History Center and Historic Columbia, “The Reconstruction Era: History and Public Memory” marks the 150th anniversary of the start of the Reconstruction era. Special guests includePulitzer Prize-winning …
Read more on The State

England's V&A museum reveals a brief history of underwear
LONDON — Think of it as Victoria's — and Albert's — secret. London's Victoria and Albert Museum has peeled back fashion's layers to expose everything from long johns to lingerie in “Undressed,” an exhibition tracing the hidden history of underwear.
Read more on Columbia Daily Tribune

One Direction – History (Official Video)

One Direction’s new single History is here!

iTunes – http://smarturl.it/1DmitamDXiT
Spotify – http://smarturl.it/MITAMSP
Official Store (D2C) – http://smarturl.it/1DmitamOS
GooglePlay – http://smarturl.it/1DmitamGP
Amazon – http://smarturl.it/1DmitamAMZ
Apple Music – http://smarturl.it/1DmitamAM

http://vevo.ly/sQBUgE

The Columbia Documentary History of American Women Since 1941 Reviews

The Columbia Documentary History of American Women Since 1941

The Columbia Documentary History of American Women Since 1941

This far-ranging collection of public and private sources illuminates a revolutionary half century for American women. The last six decades have been a pivotal period of change and resistance, progress and backlash for American women. From the Hoover vacuum cleaner to the fax machine, the pill to reproductive rights, from Rosie the Riveter to Martha Stewart and Hillary Rodham Clinton American women have grappled with a sometimes dizzying rate of social and economic change and continually shiftin

List Price: $ 40.00

Price:

Related Columbia Documentary Products

Columbia Book History Colloquium: Ann Blair

Columbia Book History Colloquium
Ann Blair, “Methods of Collaboration Among Early Modern Humanists.”
January 31, 2013

The Oral History Master of Arts Program at Columbia University

Oral History Master of Arts (OHMA) is an interdisciplinary Master of Arts degree program in the field of oral history, the first program of its kind.

OHMA trains students to conduct research through creating and analyzing interviews, and to develop fieldwork projects to address historical and contemporary issues that require interdisciplinary investigation. The field of oral history supports research on immigration, migration, ethnicity, gender, politics, government and human rights. Through the collection, archiving and analysis of individual, community and institutional histories, we preserve the critical first-person narratives that capture the spirit of our society for generations to come.

History of salmon in the Columbia basin

History of salmon in the Columbia basin

This was the first webinar in the Winter Webinar Series hosted in partnership between the Kootenay Conservation Program and the Columbia Basin Watershed Network.

Presentation by Will Warnock, Canadian Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fisheries Commission

This session will give a description of the historic distribution of Sockeye and Chinook salmon and Steelhead in the Columbia Basin in Canada and their role in the ecosystem. Following precipitous development of hydroelectricity after salmon were extirpated, the ecosystem of the Columbia basin changed markedly. Learn more about these changes, as well as challenges and potential for restoring salmon all the way through their historic range.
Video Rating: / 5

Dr. Lookingbill earned a Bachelor of Arts in Education at Southwestern Oklahoma State University, where he graduated summa cum laude in 1991. At the University of Toledo, he obtained the Master of Arts in History in 1993 and the Doctor of Philosophy in History in 1995. From 1995 to 1996, he taught classes in American and world history at Independence Community College in Kansas. In 1996, he joined the Columbia College faculty.

Read more: http://bit.ly/blookingbill

Founded in 1851, Columbia College has been helping students advance their lives through higher education for more than 150 years. As a private, non-profit, coeducational liberal arts and sciences college, the college takes pride in its small classes, experienced faculty and quality educational programs.

The Columbia History of American Television (Columbia Histories of Modern American Life)

The Columbia History of American Television (Columbia Histories of Modern American Life)

The Columbia History of American Television (Columbia Histories of Modern American Life)

Television is a form of media without equal. It has revolutionized the way we learn about and communicate with the world and has reinvented the way we experience ourselves and others. More than just cheap entertainment, TV is an undeniable component of our culture and contains many clues to who we are, what we value, and where we might be headed in the future.Media historian Gary R. Edgerton follows the technological developments and increasing cultural relevance of TV from its prehistory (befor

List Price: $ 32.00

Price:

More Columbia History Products

LSE-Columbia Masters Dual Degree: What are the strengths of Columbia University History Dept?

Four Masters students talk about their experiences of the Dual Degree in International & World History at LSE & Columbia University. (2010-11)
Video Rating: / 5

The Historic Columbia Foundation offers several tours of Columbia’s historic Elmwood Cemetery on the second Thursday of each month April-October: The “Secrets from the Grave Tour” that highlights the artistry of the gravestones is held at 7:30 p.m. and two “Moonlight Cemetery Tours” start at 8 and 8:30 p.m. The tours cost for adults and for children, less for members of the Historic Columbia Foundation.
The foundation also offers “Historic House Tours” of the Hampton-Preston Mansion, the Mann-Simons Cottage and the Robert Mills House and Gardens. The Woodrow Wilson Family Home will be added to the tours once the extensive renovations of the property are complete. Admission for each house tour is for adults, less for children, seniors and members of the military, or you can buy a pass to all three houses for .
Video Rating: / 5